Surgical robots are becoming more of a standard in operating rooms. As such, device designers are going to need to understand the motion control technology that makes them function. This article looks at the “sheet music” that offers the guidance to the “conductor” who is instructing the “instruments.”
After being on the market for more than decade, doctors still can't say with any certainty whether Medtronic's spine surgery product known as Infuse increases the risk of a complication that causes sterility in men. But two independent reviews of the safety and effectiveness of the product heighten concerns about the complication and raise questions about why warnings weren't sounded years earlier.
The majority of the hundreds of thousands of robotic surgeries performed in the U.S. each year are done safely. However, as use of the machine increases, so are reports of injuries: The U.S. Food and Drug administration has received more than 200 reports since 2007 of burns, cuts, and infections – including 89 deaths -- after robotic surgery.
Laparoscopic repair of ventral hernias cuts complications and hospital stay for obese patients, a national study showed. The less invasive procedure had less than half as many complications as open surgery. Hospital stays dropped to a median three days versus four with the conventional surgery, yielding lower total hospital charges of $40,387 versus $48,513.
The high profile story of two children who need lung transplants has moved organ transplant board members to action, with ramifications for other youngsters in need of new lungs. In a revision of existing policy, the executive committee of the board that runs the organ transplant system ruled Monday that children 11 or younger can be considered for transplant from an adolescent or adult donor.
The report found that 20.3 percent of families headed by someone under the age of 65 — 54.2 million people — had difficulty covering medical expenses in the first half of 2012, compared with 21.7 percent of families — or 57.8 million people – in the same period in 2011.
Eastman’s Gopal Saraiya, global segment leader of medical devices at Eastman Chemical Company, took time to address a number of questions related to the use of materials in medical device development. He was included in the staff written article, “Materials Impact Medical Device Design Trends.” Following are all of the responses he provided.
Among pediatric heart transplant recipients, failure to adhere to immunosuppressive medication is relatively common and is associated with a high mortality rate, researchers found.Over a 7-year period, 9 percent of heart transplant recipients younger than 18 were non-adherent at least once, which set back his or her recovery, according to Christopher Almond, MD, MPH, of Boston Children's Hospital, and colleagues.
Ansell utilizes proprietary technologies and formulations to offer a wide variety of gloves that provide optimal protection, comfort, and safety to meet any personal or surgical need. To ensure the highest degree of safety, Ansell surgical gloves provide a secure protective barrier validated by extensive quality controls. Each glove is designed with a high level of tear resistance, as well as resistance to alcohol-based hand disinfectants.
In a prospective population-based cohort study, older adults with at with at least one exposure to general anesthesia over eight years had an increased risk of developing dementia compared with age-matched adults who were not exposed to anesthesia over the same period.
Health and Human Services' Secretary Katheen Sebelius has called for a review of policies affecting children awaiting lung transplants, as the parents of a 10-year-old Pennsylvania girl fight for their daughter to be granted the care they said she has been denied because of her age.
Hospitals have tried to combat the spread of the infections and drug-resistant "superbugs" by implementing prevention programs, developing germ-resistant hospital equipment, or even turning to robots with ultraviolet sensors for cleaning. A large study suggests an effective approach to stop the spread of potentially deadly hospital infections like MRSA is decontaminating every patient in intensive care.
Studies have shown that without encouragement, hospital workers wash their hands as little as 30 percent of the time that they interact with patients. So in addition to video snooping, hospitals across the country are training hand-washing coaches, handing out rewards like free pizza and coffee coupons, and admonishing with “red cards.”
A Polish man who received a life-saving face transplant just three weeks after a work accident is already making sounds and practicing swallowing, his doctors said. The 33-year-old man, identified only as Grzegorz, underwent a 27-hour operation May 15 to reconstruct his jaw, nose, cheeks, and eye sockets, which were then swathed with skin from a deceased donor.
Kaiba Gionfriddo had a rare obstruction in his lungs called bronchial malacia. With hopes dimming that he would survive, doctors tried the medical equivalent of a "Hail Mary" pass. Using an experimental technique never before tried on a human, they created a splint made out of biological material that effectively carved a path through Kaiba's blocked airway.