Following a tissue graft transplant—such as that of the face, hand, arm or leg—it is standard for doctors to immediately give transplant recipients immunosuppressant drugs to prevent their body's immune system from rejecting and attacking the new body part. However, there are toxicities associated with delivering these drugs systemically, as well as side effects since suppressing the immune system can make a patient vulnerable to infection.
For nearly 74 years, Raymond and Maizie Huggins have done everything together. And that wasn’t about to change just because they needed heart surgery. The Huggins, both in their 90s, suffered from coronary artery disease. Like everything else in their life, the couple had their surgeries together this week, reported KTLA 5 News in Cleveland.
Injuries, birth defects (such as cleft palates) or surgery to remove a tumor can create gaps in bone that are too large to heal naturally. And when they occur in the head, face or jaw, these bone defects can dramatically alter a person's appearance. Researchers reported that they have developed a "self-fitting" material that expands with warm salt water to precisely fill bone defects, and also acts as a scaffold for new bone growth.
Melbourne researchers have revealed the critical importance of highly specialised immune cells, called natural killer cells, in killing melanoma cells that have spread to the lungs. The team, from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, also found natural killer cells were critical to the body's rejection of donor bone marrow transplants and in the runaway immune response during toxic shock syndrome.
A Franklin County, Ohio jury has awarded $1.8 million to the family of a 30-year-old man who died after surgery in 2010. According to the Columbus (Ohio) Dispatch, the jurors found that Dr. Adam M. Zochowski of Columbus and his medical group, Central Ohio Surgical Associates Inc., were negligent in assessing the man, Carl Whitmer, and clearing him for surgery.
Robin Williams' 2009 open-heart surgery could have contributed to the late star's demise, possibly serving as a trigger to the comedian's downward spiral to severe depression. "Open-heart surgery has historically been known to affect a person's cognitive functioning following recovery," Dr. Jeffrey Lieberman, chief of psychiatry at New York-Presbyterian Hospital Columbia, told the New York Daily News.
A recent study of an ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia technique, called femoral nerve block, shows that it leads to less opioid use and allows the majority of patients to go home within hours of surgery. "Our goal with this technique is to reduce pain, which improves patient outcomes and patient satisfaction," said Tarun Bhalla, MD, director of Acute Pain and Regional Anesthesia at Nationwide Children's Hospital.
For the first time in the United States, doctors at Henry Ford Hospital used a minimally invasive procedure to replace a failing, hard-to-reach heart valve with a new one – and placed it just outside the heart. Henry Ford is the first hospital in the United States to perform the unique, transcatheter tricuspid valve replacement, which was pioneered in Germany.
Federal prosecutors say two staffers at a northern New Jersey medical devices firm have admitted their roles in a scheme to defraud hospitals out of more than $800,000. Daniel Metz, a 34-year-old Fairfield resident, and 35-year-old Charles Carey Jr., of Clark, both pleaded guilty Tuesday to conspiracy to commit wire fraud.
A surgeon at University of Louisville Hospital, part of KentuckyOne Health, recently performed an extended endoscopic skull-based surgery of the brain, a unique surgery of its kind in Kentucky. This approach reduces risks and recovery times for the patient who would otherwise need a craniotomy, which requires temporary removal of a bone flap from the skull to access the brain and brain retraction to reach the tumor.
The finding that patients with epilepsy have a higher incidence of delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized behaviors than the general population is controversial as researchers suggest this is an overrepresentation due to sampling errors or inadequate control groups. Researchers identified surgical candidates with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy and comorbid psychoses from 2000-2010 and followed participants 2 years after surgery.
The USS Mesa Verde made history in July with the first surgery aboard the Norfolk-based amphibious transport dock ship. The procedure was also the first ever surgery done by members of an Expeditionary Resuscitative Surgical System (ERSS) team since the teams were created in 2009.
The impact of major cardiovascular risk factors combined is greater in women than men and in blacks than whites. While the gender gap may be narrowing, differences by race may be increasing. Researchers studied population attributable risk changes for the five major modifiable cardiovascular risk factors — high cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes.
Mexican doctors say they have removed a 130-pound (60-kilogram) tumor from the body of a 51-year-old woman who had been unable to leave her home for two years. Dr. Gilberto Inzulza says a team of surgeons needed four hours to remove the giant tumor from the body of Mercedes Talamantes.
In creating an adhesive patterned after glue produced by the lowly underwater sandcastle worm, researchers reported they may have solved the problem of premature births that sometimes result from fetal surgery. It also could open up numerous opportunities to safely perform more complex fetal surgeries in the future.