The immune system protects from infections by detecting and eliminating invading pathogens. These two strategies form the basis of conventional clinical approaches in the fight against infectious diseases. In the latest issue of the journal Science , Miguel Soares from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (Portugal) together with Ruslan Medzhitov from Yale University School of Medicine and David Schneider from Stanford University propose that a third strategy needs to be considered: tolerance to infection, whereby the infected host protects itself from infection by reducing tissue damage and other negative effects caused by the pathogen or the immune response against the invader.
Simultaneous targeting of two different molecules in cancer is an effective way to shrink tumors, block invasion, and stop metastasis, scientists at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) have found—work that may improve the effectiveness of combination treatments that include drugs like Avastin.
(AP) — A Turkish hospital says the world's first quadruple limb transplant has failed. Hacettepe University says doctors had to remove two arms and two legs that were transplanted on 27-year-old Sevket Cavdar because of tissue incompatibility. Doctors attached the limbs on Cavdar on Friday night.
Maria Sudekum, AP Tattoos have long served as fashion statements, but a small number of Americans are now relying on them for the more practical, potentially lifesaving purpose of warning first responders about important medical conditions. Some medical tattoos are being used to take the place of bracelets that commonly list a person's allergies, chronic diseases or even end-of-life wishes.
(PRNewswire) Ethicon Endo-Surgery, a provider of advanced surgical solutions for minimally-invasive and open procedures, announced today the results of a study suggesting that video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS) wedge resections are associated with significantly shorter operative times, shorter lengths of stay and lower hospital costs than open wedge resections for lung cancer indications.
(PRNewswire) A surgical team at Beaumont Hospital in Troy has performed Michigan's first single-incision, robotic-assisted gallbladder removal surgery (laparoscopic cholecystectomy). Led by Bruce McIntosh, M.D., chief of General Surgery, the team removed the gallbladders of three local patients through robotic surgeries that required only a belly button incision of less than one inch.
(PRNewswire-USNewswire) Texas Children's Fetal Center is proud to announce the birth of Charlotte, the team's first patient to undergo in-utero surgery for the treatment of spina bifida. Charlotte's mother went into labor nearly 11 weeks after fetal closure was performed, and delivered Saturday evening by cesarean section.
Carla K. Johnson, AP It's a tricky math problem to get to the $2.7 billion that Governor Pat Quinn wants cut out of Illinois's projected Medicaid spending, and four lawmakers designated to take a first shot at it will have a tough time figuring out what to subtract. They'll look at services such as the obesity surgery that helped 41-year-old Cicero resident Nova Taggart get off diabetes drugs.
PHILADELPHIA— A leaky gut may be the root of some cancers forming in the rest of the body, a new study published online Feb. 21 in PLoS ONE by Thomas Jefferson University researchers suggests. It appears that the hormone receptor guanylyl cyclase C (GC-C)—a previously identified tumor suppressor that exists in the intestinal tract—plays a key role in strengthening the body's intestinal barrier, which helps separate the gut world from the rest of the body, and possibly keeps cancer at bay.
ALBUQUERQUE, N.M — Sandia National Laboratories researchers, using off-the-shelf equipment in a chemistry lab, have been working on ways to improve amputees’ control over prosthetics with direct help from their own nervous systems. Organic materials chemist Shawn Dirk, robotics engineer Steve Buerger and others are creating biocompatible interface scaffolds.
/PRNewswire/ -- A coalition led by EHR vendors, PDR Network, professional liability carriers, and providers,in collaboration with the Food and Drug Administration, today announced a new multi-faceted initiative to improve drug safety and medication adherence by integrating drug services for prescribers and their patients into electronic health record (EHR) platforms and other health information technology.
HELENA, Mont. (AP) — Health care cooperatives that are being launched in eight states announced Tuesday they will receive a total of $638 million in loans from the Obama administration under the federal health insurance law. The administration said the new nonprofit health insurers will be run by their customers and will be designed to offer coverage to individuals and small businesses.
(PRNewswire) 3D Surgical Solutions, LLC and Wheaton Franciscan-The Wisconsin Heart Hospital Campus announced that the first case ever using the Leonardo 3D VisionT System was successfully conducted in a surgical robotic procedure. The system provides stereoscopic 3D visualization to personnel at the bedside, as well as the entire surgical robotic team during the surgery.
Brazil's conjoined twins Israel and Levi were separated successfully at Maternity Hospital of Goiania in a surgery that lasted nearly 10 hours. The 14-month-old boys were joined at the hip and abdomen, sharing intestines, a bladder and genitalia. The brothers both survived the survery and are reportedly doing well.
When it comes to treating people with hip pain, physicians should not replace clinical observation with the use of magnetic resonance images (MRI), according to research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty Day. "We performed MRI scans on a sample of volunteers without any hip pain, and discovered about 73 percent had abnormal findings," commented the study's lead author Bradley C.