Public health has often focused on prevention tools that impact an entire community or population. Before Henry Bigelow MD described the use of Ether in 1846 to mitigate pain during surgery or Joseph Lister MD discovered the value of sterile technique, surgical candidates were few. Even if one were convinced tolerate the pain of surgery, more than half would die from the risk of infection.
Scientists are reporting development and successful initial testing of a new tool that tells whether brain tissue is normal or cancerous while an operation is underway, so that surgeons can remove more of the tumor without removing healthy tissue, improving patients' survival. The report appears in ACS' journal Analytical Chemistry .
PRNewswire - Dr. Benjamin S. Carson is known as the first neurosurgeon to successfully separate Siamese twins joined at the back of the head. He continues to pioneer life-saving medical procedures as chief of pediatric neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Children's Center in Baltimore. However, he comes from humble beginnings and was once known as the "dummy" of his class.
Carla K. Johnson, AP Hospital stays for heart failure fell a remarkable 30 percent in Medicare patients over a decade, the first such decline in the United States and forceful evidence that the nation is making headway in reducing the billion-dollar burden of a common condition. However, the study found only a slight decline in deaths within a year of leaving the hospital, and progress lagged for black men.
Duke University Medical Center researchers have verified data that suggest three medical factors appear to correlate with mortality for a patient who has been under anesthesia for an operation. The risk of death was 2.5-times higher during the first year after surgery if a patient has low values in all three measures, called a "triple low," compared to patients whose values are all normal.
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) undergoing surgery may be more likely to develop deep vein thrombosis or a pulmonary embolism following surgical procedures, according to a study published Online first by Archives of Surgery , one of the JAMA/Archives journals. "An increased risk of DVT and PE in patients with IBD has been evident for the past 75 years," the authors write as background information for the article.
Family members of patients who have undergone surgery for weight loss may also shed several pounds themselves, as well as eat healthier and exercise more, according to a new study by researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine. A year after the 35 patients in the study had Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, their obese adult family members weighed, on average, eight pounds less.
PRNewswire/USNewswire - The Washington State Medical Association and the Washington State Hospital Association are joining the Washington Chapter of the American College of Emergency Physicians' lawsuit against a state plan to limit emergency room access for some of the state's most vulnerable residents.
PRNewswire/USNewswire - A study presented at the American Society of Anesthesiology's 2011 meeting found that obese children required much smaller doses of the anesthetic propofol than non-obese children to bring about a safe level of unconsciousness. Since the commonly used drug propofol can cause low blood pressure, prolonged sleepiness and decreased breathing, the results of this study could help anesthesiologists safely treat a common, but often misunderstood, type of surgical patient.
(AP) — Two doctors are in court in Sao Paulo, Brazil, on charges they removed organs for transplant from patients who were still alive. The patients later died in the hospital. Drs. Pedro Torrecillas and Rui Sacramento are each charged with four homicides in a trial that started Monday.
Complementary and alternative medical (CAM) treatments such as herbal supplements have become increasingly popular in the United States, especially among older patients and those with chronic pain. However, many of these products can have serious and potentially harmful side effects when combined with medications prescribed during and after surgery, according to a review article in the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS) .
An in-hospital delay of appendicitis treatment beyond two days was linked to an increased likelihood of complications, including perforation and abscess formation, longer hospitalization, increased costs, and more rarely, death, according an abstract presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) National Conference and Exhibition in Boston last weekend.
(AP) — California's largest industry group for doctors is calling for the legalization of marijuana even as it maintains that the drug has few proven health benefits. Trustees of the California Medical Association adopted the new stance at its annual meeting Friday in Anaheim, according to a Los Angeles Times report.
Denise Lavoie, AP A quadruple amputee who received new hands through a transplant operation says he is looking forward to doing ordinary things again: getting dressed, taking a shower, making coffee and, sweetest of all, touching the faces of his two grandsons. Richard Mangino, 65, lost his arms below the elbows and his legs below the knees after he had a kidney stone in 2002 and contracted a severe bloodstream infection.
PRNewswire - Lifebox, a global not-for-profit organization, today announced that the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) has joined its campaign to provide life-saving pulse oximeters for operating rooms in developing countries around the world. ASA is the largest anesthesiology organization in the world, with 47,000 potential contributors to the Lifebox initiative.