Kate Kelland, Reuters Circumcising newborn boys to stop them from becoming infected with the AIDS virus in later life is more cost-effective than circumcising adult men, Rwandan health experts stated. A study by Agnes Binagwaho and colleagues at Rwanda's health ministry found that the operation, which has been shown to cut dramatically the virus' transmission from women to men, is quicker, simpler and more cost-effective in newborns.
Frank Bajak, AP Hundreds of tech volunteers spurred to action by Haiti's killer quake are adding a new dimension to disaster relief, developing new tools and services for first responders and the public in an unprecedented effort. Noel Dickover, a Washington, D.C.-based organizer of the CrisisCamp tech volunteer movement, states that, “developers, crisis mappers and even internet-savvy folks can actually make a difference.
In the largest national survey of its kind, researchers from UCLA and UC San Diego measured medical students' attitudes and beliefs about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and found that three-quarters of them felt conventional Western medicine would benefit by integrating more CAM therapies and ideas.
Ventilators, though staples of modern critical care, can have drawbacks for both patient safety and comfort. The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette is reporting that a considerably less intrusive system from a company called ALung Technologies is about to begin clinical trials in India and Europe. The Hemolung is designed to perform respiratory gas exchange via a catheter inserted into the femoral or jugular vein.
Lauran Neergaard, AP Just as millions head to tanning beds to prepare for spring break, the Food and Drug Administration will be debating how to toughen warnings regarding cancer risks. Yes, sunburns are particularly dangerous, but there's increasing scientific consensus that there's no such thing as a safe tan, either.
Emma and Taylor Bailey, from the San Tan Valley area near Phoenix, were born connected at the chest, sharing a liver and a seven-chambered heart. Most hearts have four chambers. Their parents, Mandy and Tor Bailey, weren't expecting them to ever leave the hospital. Emma and Taylor exceeded expectations but now have heart failure, and their parents know the girls must be surgically separated to survive in the long term.
Following a rule expanding coverage of weight-loss surgery under Medicare, bariatric procedures in the Medicare population were centralized to a smaller number of certified centers, were more likely to be minimally invasive, and were associated with improved outcomes, stated a report in the January issue of Archives of Surgery .
A randomised controlled trial of fish oil given intravenously to patients in intensive care has found that it improves gas exchange, reduces inflammatory chemicals and results in a shorter length of hospital stay. Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal Critical Care investigated the effects of including fish oil in the normal nutrient solution for patients with sepsis, finding a significant series of benefits.
Reuters The Canadian government must allow Vancouver's Insite facility, North America's only sanctioned drug-injection site, to remain open, a provincial appeals court ruled on Friday. The facility allows addicts to use their own illegal drugs under supervised conditions, and is the focus of a battle between the federal government, which wants to close it, and local health officials, who say it saves lives.
Drug and medical product makers and other health care companies are pledging to donate at least $15.5 million in cash and products to help victims of the earthquake in Haiti. Besides donating cash to various relief groups, pharmaceutical companies and medical product makers were preparing or have sent products to treat injured people, as well as medicines for patients who had lost their supply.
A urologist has been indefinitely barred from inpatient surgery for removing the wrong kidney of one patient and taking a biopsy from another patient's pancreas instead of a kidney. Dr. Erol Uke has signed the disciplinary ruling from the Minnesota Board of Medical Practice, agreeing that his actions justify the board's discipline.
It is reasonable to obtain a histological diagnosis before treating patients who have pancreatic masses and are unsuitable or unwilling to undergo surgery. As the pancreas is a deep-seated organ surrounded by other vital structures, it is a challenge for the physician to obtain an adequate specimen for histological examination.
Surgeons from UC Davis Medical Center have demonstrated that artificial muscles can restore the ability of patients with facial paralysis to blink, a development that could benefit the thousands of people each year who no longer are able to close their eyelids due to combat-related injuries, stroke, nerve injury or facial surgery.
Barbara Ortutay, AP U.S. cell phone users have contributed more than $5 million in $10 increments to the Red Cross for Haiti disaster relief, by far the largest outpouring of support via mobile devices in history. The response to the devastating earthquake produced the highest amount of mobile donations that we have ever seen, said Jenifer Snyder, executive director of mGive Foundation, the nonprofit group that is working with the Red Cross and wireless carriers to channel the donations.
New research casts doubt on increasingly popular blood-based injections reportedly used by Tiger Woods and other athletes to speed recovery after orthopedic surgery. In a small study at a hospital in The Netherlands, the treatment worked no better than salt water injections in patients with Achilles tendon injuries.