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Black patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) had a 59 percent lower rate of kidney transplant than whites in one southeastern center, researchers reported.

An analysis of more than 2,200 patients treated at the Emory Transplant Center showed marked racial disparities in access to referral, transplant evaluation, waitlisting, and eventual transplant, according to Rachel Patzer, PhD, of Emory University in Atlanta, and colleagues.

Clinical, demographic, and socioeconomic factors explained only about 51 percent of the overall differences and what causes the rest remains unclear, Patzer and colleagues reported in the February issue of theAmerican Journal of Transplantation.

The researchers cautioned that the findings might not reflect wider issues, since they are based on a single center where racial disparities might be more pronounced.

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