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Dexamethasone to control nausea and vomiting after tonsillectomy is not associated with higher rates of serious postoperative bleeding, researchers reported.

In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, the corticosteroid was non-inferior to saline in the risk of bleeding that required inpatient care, according to Christopher Hartnick, MD, of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary in Boston, and colleagues.

On the other hand, the researchers could not rule out an effect on minor, self-reported bleeding, Hartnick and colleagues reported in the Sept. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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