Proposed VA Nursing Rule Riles Anesthesiologists
The American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) slammed a draft of a new Veterans Health Administration (VHA) nursing handbook that calls for advance practice nurse anesthetists within the system to attain independent status and function without the support, oversight, or supervision of a physician.
"This document effectively eliminates the gold standard, physician-led, team-based coordinated care in anesthesiology," said Jane C.K. Fitch, MD, of the University of Oklahoma in Oklahoma City, and president-elect of the ASA, in a teleconference.
"The VHA intends this to be the policy for all its hospitals, superseding state law, where currently more than half of states require physician supervision of nurse anesthetists," she said.
The document also would prohibit local facilities from having policies that contradict the federal policy. "So local chiefs of anesthesiology will no longer have the authority to set policies they deem best for the patients they serve," she said.
If the changes are implemented, advance practice nurses who choose not to pursue the training to attain independent status will no longer be permitted to work in a VHA facility.
The policies outlined in the draft document "raise significant safety concerns in our sickest population," Fitch said.
She pointed out that patients in the VHA system are 15 times more likely to have poor health status than their peers, and 14 times more likely to have five or more medical conditions.
She also noted that she herself initially trained as a nurse and as a nurse anesthetist and then went on to receive a medical degree as an anesthesiologist.
"The length and depth of training are dramatically different. As physician anesthesiologists we trained for 12 to 14 years rather than 5 to 7. Nursing education and training did not prepare me for the level of care needed in the perioperative environment when seconds matter," she said.