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Expanding Surgical Residency Training Programs -- Good Idea?

Mon, 01/20/2014 - 11:29am
Skeptical Scalpel

One of my Physician's Weekly posts last month was on the subject of surgeons possibly losing proficiency for doing open cases because of the ever-increasing popularity of laparoscopic and other minimally invasive techniques resulting in declining numbers of open operations for residents during their training.

Although some suggested that knowing how to do open cases would be unnecessary in the future, to me that is wishful thinking.

Another commenter said, "We are seeing the result of this in one of our hospitals with a new surgeon. He frequently aborts cases when he cannot complete them laparoscopically because he does not know how to do the open procedure. Worse, instead of seeking the help of someone who does, he transfers the patient to a medical center."

A resident said, "Observing the big name academic center that I train at, it seems that the massive cadre of fellows has led to an extremely low and less interesting case load for the rest of the general surgery trainees. Overload of floor management onto the trainees seems to exacerbate the problem. Why not substitute some of the current residency training with more focused experience with mentors—maybe even community mentors outside of academic centers—who perform the cases they’re lacking?"

The presence of fellows is a huge problem that academic centers and both the Residency Review Committee and the American Board of Surgery have glossed over for years. Fellows are usually not present in large numbers at community hospital programs; therefore, the residents get to do more surgery. Last year, I wrote about the fact that community hospital residents are more satisfied and do more cases.

The suggestion about mentors from outside of academic centers seems logical. However, it assumes that there are large numbers of community hospital surgeons who are dying to have residents around. In my opinion, that simply is not so. This is also a concern regarding the new surgical residency programs that are being established. I think some of them have been the result of initiatives by hospital administrators (residency programs still bring in government cash) and not the surgeons themselves.

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