Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common - but preventable - complication after surgery that can lead to other complications or even death. The use and development of biomarkers will help physicians diagnose and treat acute kidney injury. Three protein measurements indicate who has a high risk of developing kidney injury after heart surgery, according to two studies appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology .
Researchers from the Indiana University have identified common barriers and strategies for successfully implementing practice changes in Intensive Care Units (ICUs). The study, published in the August issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology , the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America, reveals shared lessons learned from six ICUs as they implemented evidence-based practices to reduce Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections.
Stephanie Nano, AP Scientists are reporting the first clear success with a new approach for treating leukemia — turning the patients' own blood cells into assassins that hunt and destroy their cancer cells. They've only done it in three patients so far, but the results were striking: Two appear cancer-free up to a year after treatment, and the third patient is improved but still has some cancer.
Randolph E. Schmid, AP One day monitoring a patient's vital signs like temperature and heart rate could be as simple as sticking on a tiny, wireless patch, sort of like a temporary tattoo. Eliminating the bulky wiring and electrodes used in current monitors would make the devices more comfortable for patients, says an international team of researchers who report their findings in Friday's edition of the journal Science .
Marilynn Marchione, AP They savor pizza and burgers, no longer frighten children, and many of them can walk the streets without people knowing they have someone else's cheeks, nose, lips and skin. People who have had face transplants increasingly are going public, helping to transform an operation that six years ago was daredevil theory into one that is widely accepted.
Kidney transplant from a living donor presents the best option and results in increased organ survival. This has lead to new surgical technologies for the improvement of transplantation procedures. The work presented today at IDIBAPS - Hospital Clínic of Barcelona by Dr. Antonio Alcaraz, IDIBAPS investigator and head of the department of Urology, and his team, confirm the feasibility of surgical techniques with minimal scars for the extraction of a kidney.
A review of national data from 1996 through 2007 reveals a sharp uptick in the use of computed tomography scans to diagnose illnesses in emergency departments, a University of Michigan Health System study finds. The rate of CT use grew 11 times faster than the rate of ED visits during the study period.
AP) — Attacks on medics in war zones are becoming more frequent and drawing less outrage, despite being explicitly forbidden under international law, the Red Cross said Wednesday. The neutral aid group said recent incidents in Syria, Bahrain and Yemen indicated a wider trend toward targeting health care workers, hospitals and ambulances.
PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- As the rate of thyroid cancer continues to climb, doctors are urging patients to be more cautious about thyroid nodules, a common disorder that is responsible for a small but growing number of thyroid cancer cases. Until recently, the only way to remove nodules and rule out cancer was through surgery that required a five centimeter incision across the front of the neck.
Bladder cancer patients who have radical surgery can benefit from local control of the disease, acceptable clinical outcomes and low death rates, according to research in the August issue of British Journal of Urology International . Researchers studied 2,287 patients who had radical cystectomy surgery, where the bladder is removed, together with nearby tissue and organs as required.
The use of Acute Care Emergency Surgical Service (ACCESS) in emergency departments can lead to significant reductions in key patient measures, such as length of stay, surgical decision-making time and "time-to-stretcher" (one measure of overall ER overcrowding), according to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons .
According to a study published in the August issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons , there was an increase in the number of laparoscopic bariatric procedures, an increase in the number of bariatric surgeons, and a decrease of inhospital mortality rates between 2003 and 2008.
Total joint replacement surgeries can help relieve joint pain common in people with conditions like osteoarthritis. But sometimes, the debris from prosthetic joints leads to aseptic loosening, or disintegration of surrounding bones. In 2009, a Wayne State University researcher determined that the anti-inflammatory antibiotic erythromycin can prevent and treat such disintegration.
Christina Hoag, AP Reaching that first double-digit age of 10 is a milestone for any kid, but for these Guatemalan twins born conjoined at the head, it's cause for joyous celebration — they've repeatedly defied the odds against survival at all. The girls, Maria de Jesus and Maria Teresa Quiej-Alvarez, garnered international attention when they were separated in 2002 via a 23-hour surgery at Mattel Children's Hospital at the University of California Los Angeles Medical Center.
Jordan Robertson, AP Even the human bloodstream isn't safe from computer hackers. A security researcher who is diabetic has identified flaws that could allow an attacker to remotely control insulin pumps and alter the readouts of blood-sugar monitors. As a result, diabetics could get too much or too little insulin.