In health care reform discussions, talk inevitably turns to making hospitals and physicians accountable for patient outcomes. But in a commentary being published in the Journal of the American Medical Association , Johns Hopkins patient safety expert Peter Pronovost, M.D., Ph.D., argues that the health care industry doesn't yet have measurable, achievable and routine ways to prevent patient harm, and that there are too many barriers in the way to attain them.
Carla K. Johnson, AP A new survey finds that many American physicians fail to report troubled colleagues to authorities, believing that someone else will take care of it, that nothing will happen if they act or that they could be targeted for retribution. A surprising 17 percent of the doctors surveyed had direct, personal knowledge of an impaired or incompetent physician in their workplaces, said the study's lead author, Catherine DesRoches of Harvard Medical School.
A study of nearly 38,000 patients found Caucasian, Hispanic and female patients have the fewest complications and the shortest hospital stays after laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery, according to University of Nebraska Medical Center researchers who presented their findings today at the 27th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS).
Vestagen Technical Textiles today announced the completion of the first clinical trial involving its Vestex™ nanotechnology-based products. The clinical trial was conducted by the Department of Epidemiology and Infection Control at Virginia Commonwealth University. Medical research has consistently documented that garments and fabrics used in the healthcare environment are contaminated with high levels of dangerous microbes such as MRSA, which may pose a threat to health care workers, their patients and the community.
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB), suggests that the key to losing weight could lie in manipulating our beliefs about how filling we think food will be before we eat it, suggesting that portion control is all a matter of perception.
Facial reconstruction patients may soon have the option of custom-made bone replacements optimized for both form and function, thanks to researchers at the University of Illinois and the Ohio State University Medical Center. Whether resulting from illness or injury, loss of facial bones poses problems for reconstructive surgeons beyond cosmetic implications, as the patient's chewing, swallowing, speaking or even breathing abilities may be impaired.
Mike Stobbe, AP Alas, here's more proof that most people have habits that aren't very sanitary — and sometimes can be plain disgusting. For a study, medical students secretly watched hundreds of people cough or sneeze at a train station, a shopping mall and a hospital in New Zealand. What they saw wasn't pretty, with most people failing to properly prevent an airborne explosion of infectious germs.
Only 40 percent of infection control professionals indicated that more than three-quarters of the nurses at their facility were applying the CDC’s CAUTI prevention guidelines, and less than half reported that their facilities were conducting annual education and training on alternatives to catheterization, according to a recent survey.
Patients who were denied bariatric surgery for insurance reasons developed a slew of new obesity-related diseases and conditions within three years of follow-up, according to a study presented at the 27th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS). Researchers at Gunderson Lutheran Health System in La Crosse, WI, compared medical records of 587 patients who had laparoscopic gastric bypass (LGB) with 189 patients who were medically eligible, but denied bariatric surgery by their insurance provider during the period 2001 to 2007.
Covidien’s Duet TRS™ Reload with Tissue Reinforcement was recently selected as a winner in the 2010 Medical Design Excellence Awards MDEA). The Duet TRS Reload is an endoscopic stapler used in laparoscopic surgery to transect and staple tissue. The Duet TRS Reload is the only stapler of its kind that comes preloaded with a synthetic absorbable reinforcement material on each anvil and cartridge.
It was once three dirty words for a baseball pitcher: Tommy John surgery. The namesake of the operation, then a Los Angeles Dodgers star, underwent the innovative but radical procedure in 1974. Dr. Frank Jobe invented the surgery – in which a ligament in the elbow is replaced by a tendon from elsewhere in the body, such as the forearm or hamstring – and he gave John a 10 percent chance of returning to his previous level of competence.
Jonathan M. Katz, AP It was a simple problem with a novel solution. Doctors, nurses and technicians at Haiti's most important hospital had not been paid since before the earthquake — causing strikes and staffing shortages, and turning the facility into a dangerously inefficient, rat-infested mess.
An ultra-low-molecular-weight heparin called semuloparin has been found to reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism in orthopedic surgery patients in a large clinical program being lead by a steering committee chaired by McMaster University professor Dr. Alexander Turpie. The follow-up analysis of three recently completed international clinical studies on short-term venous thromboembolism (VTE) protective medicine in patients undergoing major orthopedic surgery demonstrated that the ultra-low-molecular-weight heparin semuloparin reduced the incidence of VTE and all-cause death by 25 percent, compared to the commonly used therapy drug enoxaparin.
Hospitals that adopt advanced computer technology to identify healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are more likely to have implemented best practices to prevent such infections, according to research presented at the 37th Annual Conference and International Meeting of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).
The U.S.-based medical division of Olympus has reached an agreement to buy Spiration, a pulmonary device company in Redmond, WA. Financial details of the deal are not currently available. Spiration will become a consolidated subsidiary of Olympus, a company that developed the first gastro-camera in 1950 and has since developed fiberscopes and videoscopes for direct internal observation of the human body.