An analysis of data from Medicare beneficiaries who underwent hip replacement or subsequent follow-up corrective surgery between 1991 and 2008 indicates that the length of hospital stay after surgery declined during this time period, as did the proportion of patients discharged home, while there was an increase in the rate of hospital readmissions and discharge to a skilled care facility, according to a study in the April 20 issue of JAMA.
Breast implants appear to be associated with a rare form of lymphoma, but there is not yet evidence to show that the cancer is caused by implants or to suggest an underlying mechanism for how the disease might develop, according to a study by researchers from the RAND Corporation. The study, published online by the journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, also finds that the disease takes a slow course and can be controlled by surgical removal of the implant and surrounding capsule.
Alicia Chang, AP Science Writer Emily Fennelll, 26, of Yuba City, Calif., who lost her right hand in an auto accident in 2006, talks about her experience as the recipient of a hand transplant, at a news conference at UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles Tuesday, April 19, 2011.
Virtual nasal surgery has the potential to be a productive tool that may enable surgeons to perform personalized nasal surgery using computer simulation techniques, according to researchers at The Medical College of Wisconsin. The findings are posted online today and will appear in the September print issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery , one of the JAMA/Archives journals.
Surgical patients with do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders appear to be at higher risk for poor surgical outcomes, according to a report published online today by the Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. The study will appear in the August print issue of the journal. "Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders preclude the use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in a clinically unresponsive, pulseless patient," according to background information provided by the authors.
Excessive alcohol consumption appears to be associated with changes in some surgical skills performed on virtual reality simulator testing the following day, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Surgery , one of the JAMA/Archives journals. "While surgical performance is certain to be impaired acutely with excessive alcohol consumption, there is little information that defines the persistence of this effect," the authors write as background information in the study.
John Flesher, Associated Press TRAVERSE CITY, Mich. (AP) — The world's largest organization of surgeons has accepted the resignation of its president-elect after he wrote a Valentine's Day column for the group's newspaper that some members found demeaning to women. Dr. Lazar J. Greenfield, a renowned surgeon and professor emeritus at the University of Michigan Medical School, said Monday he had stepped down from his leadership post with the American College of Surgeons after the association's board rejected his attempts to make amends.
LOS ANGELES (AP) — A 26-year-old mother who lost her right hand in a traffic accident several years ago is reuniting with her doctors to show off her new donated hand. The Northern California woman received the donor limb in a marathon surgery last month at the Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center in Los Angeles.
Two new studies published in the current issue of Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases, a peer-reviewed journal, have concluded that LAP-BAND weight-loss surgery is a safe and effective treatment for obese adults. One study examined patients who received LAGB following the failure of gastric bypass and found they achieved significant weight loss at two years post-banding procedure.
Non-cardiac surgery can be performed safely in patients with a heart device typically implanted into patients waiting for a transplant, according to a study at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are mechanical pumps implanted in the chest to help a weakened heart pump blood.
Neurosurgeons at the Krembil Neuroscience Center, Toronto Western Hospital, have initiated the restoration of lost brain tissue through brain bypass surgery in patients where blood flow to the brain is impaired by cerebrovascular disease. The study, which involved 29 patients, was published online in the journal Stroke .
A series of new guidelines for cardiac specialists has been developed to determine when heart failure patients should receive a mechanical heart-pumping device. "The new guidelines will likely affect who is referred for a mechanical circulatory support device, and how early in the process a physician would consider implanting a left ventricular assist device," says Jeffrey A.
Mike Stobbe, AP U.S. health officials say last fall's outbreak of a stomach virus that swept through pro basketball teams sickened 21 players on 13 teams. They were infected with the norovirus, highly contagious and known for spreading on cruise ships. The federal researchers didn't name the teams, but media reports have said players with a stomach bug at the time included four on the Orlando Magic, including star center Dwight Howard.
In light of recent studies that suggest the use of stored blood during transfusions may cause adverse effects in patients, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) funded a number of research projects to examine the safety of transfusing older red cells and the impact of stored blood on respiratory gases.
Silver-containing sodium carboxymethyl cellulose wound dressing killed range of bacteria in vitro that represent significant risks for patients in hospitals and other health facilities April 15, 2011 ConvaTec, a world-leading developer and marketer of innovative medical technologies for community and hospital care, today announced new in vitro study results showing that a wound dressing containing ionic silver is able to kill several strains of highly-resistant bacteria, commonly referred to as ‘superbugs.