Randolph E. Schmid, AP The oldest among us seem to have chosen their parents well. Researchers closing in on the impact of family versus lifestyle find most people who live to 100 or older share some helpful genes. But don't give up on diet and exercise just yet. In an early step to understanding the pathways that lead to surviving into old age, researchers report in the online edition of Science that a study of centenarians found most had a number of genetic variations in common.
Carla K. Johnson, AP Emergency rooms, the only choice for patients who can't find care elsewhere, may grow even more crowded with longer wait times under the nation's new health law. That might come as a surprise to those who thought getting 32 million more people covered by health insurance would ease ER crowding.
Only a small fraction of transplant centers nationwide are willing to accept and transplant deceased-donor kidneys that they perceive as less than perfect, leading to lengthy, organ-damaging delays as officials use a one-by-one approach to find a willing taker. Now, Johns Hopkins researchers have designed a formula they say can predict which donor kidneys are most likely to be caught in that process, a method that could potentially stop thousands of usable kidneys each year from being discarded because it took too long for them to be transplanted.
More than two billion people worldwide do not have adequate access to surgical treatment, according to a new study from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). A substantial amount of the global burden of disease comes from illnesses and disorders that require surgery, such as complicated childbirth, cancer and injuries from road accidents.
Although it is already one of medicine's most successful transplant procedures, doctors continue to seek ways to improve corneal transplants. Now, for the first time, a team of German and British researchers have confirmed that failure and rejection of transplanted corneas are more likely in patients whose eyes exhibit abnormal vessel growth, called corneal neovascularization, prior to surgery.
A new study from researchers in Ottawa and Toronto suggests that a commonly used type of bone marrow stem cell may be able to help treat sepsis. The study, published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine , shows that these cells can triple survival rates in an experimental model of sepsis.
A 2-month-old girl was dying from advanced liver failure when a risky surgery was performed at New York-Presbyterian/Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital this past February. Surgeons wanted to avoid a liver transplant, but realized the little girl wouldn’t survive without one. Born 10 weeks premature, the tiny infant remained on a respirator until a replacement liver from a two-month-old in Florida became available.
Buffalo Filter was recently recognized with a Pinnacle Award, presented by the Premier healthcare alliance. The company was recognized for their outstanding management of Premier agreements and drive toward the mutual goal of providing clinical and financial value to the not-for-profit hospitals that are members of the Premier alliance.
A new, effective, non-surgical treatment for uterine fibroids can help women with this condition maintain their fertility, an American scientist told the 26th annual meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology in Rome. Dr. Alicia Armstrong, Chief, Gynecologic Services, National Institutes of Health (NIH) said that the outcome of two Phase II clinical trials of ulipristal acetate (UPA) had significant implications for both infertility and general gynecology patients.
A researcher from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) has created conductive bioplastics which will transform the performance of bionic devices like the cochlear ear and the proposed bionic eye. “Our plastics will lead to smaller devices that use safer smaller currents and that encourage nerve interaction,” says biomedical engineer Rylie Green.
Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. (EES) recently announced it has renewed its research collaboration agreement with the University of Cincinnati (UC) and its Metabolic Diseases Institute (MDI). The three-year, $13.5M grant extension, is part of the EES Metabolic Applied Research Strategy (MARS), which also includes research from GI Metabolism Laboratory and Weight Center at the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH).
A literature review, led by Dr. Joseph Lee, published in the June 2010 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (JAAOS) suggests that a herniated disk is one of the most frequent causes of low back and leg pain in adults, but surgery is not for everyone. Between 60 and 80 percent of people will experience low back pain at some point in their lives.
In a pilot study, researchers find a fibrinogen concentrate may be effective in reducing the risk of haemorrhage during and after surgery. June 29, 2010 A joint clinical trial conducted by the University Hospital and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, found that an element in human blood, fibrinogen, is likely more vital to the blood’s clotting ability in connection with heart surgery than previously considered.
Advanced imaging technologies have helped shift biopsy techniques away from more invasive approaches toward imaging-guided percutaneous—or through the skin—techniques, according to a new study appearing online and in the September print edition of the journal Radiology . The first percutaneous needle biopsy of the liver was reported in 1923, and the technique developed into an invaluable diagnostic tool in many organ systems.
Rohan Sullivan, AP An American doctor accused of botching a string of operations while he was the chief surgeon at an Australian hospital has been found guilty of killing three of his patients and grievously harming another. Jayant Patel, 60, was ordered into police custody until sentencing after a jury returned guilty verdicts on all charges against him.