Minimally invasive surgery is associated with fewer surgical-site infections than is open surgery, according to a new observational study of tens of thousands of patients, reported Rueters Health on Tuesday. "Physicians should consider the adoption of minimally invasive approaches in order to reduce the risk of surgical site infections," said lead author Dr. Giorgio Gandaglia.
Heart surgery on babies who are still in the womb, 3D plastic models of actual babies’ hearts that allow surgeons to plan their surgery, and biodegradable heart stents are among the major developments on the way for pediatric cardiology patients. While they might sound like something from a science-fiction movie, all these developments will be discussed during a congenital cardiac study day Thursday in Ireland, reported the Irish Times.
Stratasys Ltd., a global leader of 3D printing and additive manufacturing solutions announced that UK medical 3D printing specialist, Replica 3DM, is using its Stratasys 3D Printers to support 12 National Health Service (NHS) hospitals in the validation of patient surgery prior to an operation. As a result, this is having a significant impact on the length of surgical procedures leading to substantial reductions in theatre costs.
While three-dimensional (3D) printing has been lauded as a game-changing development in the medical devices industry, the technology is battling to convince surgeons that it is a financially viable treatment for craniomaxillofacial (CMF) reconstruction, says an analyst with research and consulting firm GlobalData.
A surgery performed for the first time here in Bermuda could allow a young man to breathe on his own for the first time since an accident paralyzed him several years ago, potentially allowing him to be cared for at home in the future, reported Bernews.com on Monday. The surgery required a team of surgeons, with the supervising doctor saying, “The operation could not have been done better anywhere else in the world.”
Patients with advanced laryngeal cancer appear to have better survival if they are treated with surgery than nonsurgical chemoradiation, based on a study by Uchechukwu C. Megwalu, M.D., M.P.H., of the Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, and colleagues. Approximately 11,000 to 13,000 cases of laryngeal cancer are diagnosed each year and squamous cell carcinoma accounts for the vast majority of these tumors.
“GlobalData believes that Apple’s strategy to unite medical applications, electronic health records and peripheral devices through a platform, reported to be the HealthKit, will be a major milestone in the wave of technology-healthcare alliances," said Linda Tian, GlobalData's Analyst covering medical devices.
Biting into a chili pepper causes a burning spiciness that is irresistible to some, but intolerable to others. Scientists exploring the chili pepper's effect are using their findings to develop a new drug candidate for many kinds of pain, which can be caused by inflammation or other problems. They reported their progress on the compound, which is being tested in clinical trials, in ACS' Journal of Medicinal Chemistry.
A year ago, Justin Wan often couldn't make it more a week without an epileptic attack and his senses were dulled by heavy doses of anti-seizure medications. But today, the only outward sign that he suffered from debilitating seizures is a small staple scar on the top of his head, hidden by a headful of thick black hair - where surgeons in December inserted a tiny laser that zapped out a lesion in his brain. He hasn't had a seizure since.
Cosmetic surgery procedures common in South Korea are becoming increasingly popular in the North, sources inside the country have told DailyNK. Previously, North Koreans were expected to abide by strict codes of conduct on appearance and avoid any trends seen as anti-socialist, but under the young leader Kim Jong-un, these appear to be easing – a move observers say is designed to show his rule as a modern and progressive.
Survival rates with catheter-based mitral valve repair are comparable to classic surgery and better than conservative management in high-surgical-risk patients with severe mitral valve regurgitation, researchers reported. Researchers Martin J. Swaans, MD, of St. Antonius Hospital, Nieuwegein, the Netherlands, and colleagues wrote about the study in the journal JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.
Charlotte Ponce, whose face was mauled by a pet raccoon when she was a baby, is celebrating the completion of two years' worth of reconstructive surgical procedures. Since August 2012, she has had her upper lip repaired, her nose rebuilt and been given a new right ear. She underwent skin graft surgery last week on the arm where her ear was harvested.
Investigators from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have successfully transplanted hearts from genetically engineered piglets into baboons' abdomens and had the hearts survive for more than one year, twice as long as previously reported. "This has potential for paving the way for the use of animal organs for transplantation into humans," said Dr. Muhammad M. Mohiuddin.
El Camino Hospital became one of the first hospitals in California to adopt a new minimally invasive system to treat patients with narrowed, failing aortic heart valves who are considered to be at high risk to undergo surgery. El Camino Hospital was one of 45 U.S. sites involved in the High Risk Study of the CoreValve U.S. Pivotal Trial, which led to the FDA approval of the CoreValve System.
In the first case of its kind, a Chinese surgeon used a Google Glass device to broadcast orthopedic surgery live, with the procedure watched by foreign colleagues in Asia and Europe on mobile phones and tablets, reports said Thursday. The surgery was performed by an orthopedic surgeon at a Chinese hospital known for its skills in reattachment of severed limbs — who live-cast the operation with the Google Glass’s 500-megapixel camera.
Following a tissue graft transplant—such as that of the face, hand, arm or leg—it is standard for doctors to immediately give transplant recipients immunosuppressant drugs to prevent their body's immune system from rejecting and attacking the new body part. However, there are toxicities associated with delivering these drugs systemically, as well as side effects since suppressing the immune system can make a patient vulnerable to infection.
Melbourne researchers have revealed the critical importance of highly specialised immune cells, called natural killer cells, in killing melanoma cells that have spread to the lungs. The team, from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, also found natural killer cells were critical to the body's rejection of donor bone marrow transplants and in the runaway immune response during toxic shock syndrome.
A recent study of an ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia technique, called femoral nerve block, shows that it leads to less opioid use and allows the majority of patients to go home within hours of surgery. "Our goal with this technique is to reduce pain, which improves patient outcomes and patient satisfaction," said Tarun Bhalla, MD, director of Acute Pain and Regional Anesthesia at Nationwide Children's Hospital.
For the first time in the United States, doctors at Henry Ford Hospital used a minimally invasive procedure to replace a failing, hard-to-reach heart valve with a new one – and placed it just outside the heart. Henry Ford is the first hospital in the United States to perform the unique, transcatheter tricuspid valve replacement, which was pioneered in Germany.
A surgeon at University of Louisville Hospital, part of KentuckyOne Health, recently performed an extended endoscopic skull-based surgery of the brain, a unique surgery of its kind in Kentucky. This approach reduces risks and recovery times for the patient who would otherwise need a craniotomy, which requires temporary removal of a bone flap from the skull to access the brain and brain retraction to reach the tumor.
In creating an adhesive patterned after glue produced by the lowly underwater sandcastle worm, researchers reported they may have solved the problem of premature births that sometimes result from fetal surgery. It also could open up numerous opportunities to safely perform more complex fetal surgeries in the future.
A multicenter study including University of Kentucky researchers found that a new nerve repair technique yields better results and fewer side effects than other existing techniques. Participants with nerve injuries were randomized into either conduit or allograft repair groups. Following the surgeries, independent blind observers performed standardized assessments at set time points to determine the degree of sensory or motor recovery.
A new Mayo Clinic study found that 1 in 5 patients who went to the emergency room with gallbladder pain and were sent home to schedule surgery returned to the ER within 30 days needing emergency gallbladder removal. The surgical complication rate rises with the time lag before surgery, the researchers say.
A stroke therapy using stem cells extracted from patients' bone marrow has shown promising results in the first trial of its kind in humans. Four out of five patients had the most severe type of stroke: only four percent of people who experience this kind of stroke are expected to be alive and independent six months later. In the trial, all four of these patients were alive and three were independent after six months.
Scientists report that neurons derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) and grafted into rats after a spinal cord injury produced cells with tens of thousands of axons extending virtually the entire length of the animals' central nervous system. Scientist Paul Lu, PhD, said the axons extended through the white matter of the injury sites, frequently penetrating adjacent gray matter to form synapses with rat neurons.